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Autumn 1

Autumn 1 – World War II

Welcome back and welcome to the final year of primary school! Here is an overview of all of the learning that we will be doing this term. 


Theme: WWII

We will be studying WWII and our focus for this half term will be Britain. Over the half term, we will learn about the outbreak of war, evacuation, the Blitz, rationing, propaganda and the key roles that women played. For each aspect of our learning we will delve deep and create real experiences for the children to gain an insight into what life was like during this period in time. We are hoping to create some war time recipes should if possible. This learning will take place as part of our English lessons and is separate to our History topic, which you can find further down the page. 

Vocabulary: war, bomb, army, Neville Chamberlain, Blitz, radio, Spitfire, barrage balloon, gas mask box, evacuee, Winston Churchull, Air raid shelter, ration book, Anderson shelter

English:  Writing

During our writing this term we will develop key skills linked to expanding sentences, varying our sentence starters and improving vocabulary choices. These skills will be used to produce a character and setting description as well as a diary entry. 

Alongside these lessons, Pupils will take part in regular Grammar and spelling lessons in order to build up their confidence and word banks. 

To support this at home, try these following links:

Vocabulary: Noun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, determiner, full stop, comma, colon, hyphen, apostrophe, sentence opener, sentence structure, embedded clause, conjunction 

Guided Reading/Reading for Inference

Within our guided reading and Reading for Inference sessions, we will begin to revisit and practise each Reading for Inference skill that we learnt last year across a range of fiction, non-fiction and poetry texts. We will also explore a range of comprehension techniques such as retrieval, figurative language and author’s choices. Our class reading book is Goodnight Mr Tom, which will be reading over Autumn 1 and Autumn 2. 

To support with their reading at home, pupils should access Bedrock and Read Theory.

Vocabulary: Visualise, Background knowledge, Breakdown, VIP words, GIST, Thinking like a detective, inference, retrieval, language, author


This half term, we will be learning about place value, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. This will involve a mix of recapping and consolidating learning from last year as well as introducing new concepts. As part of this learning, we will also be developing our reasoning and problem solving skills. We will be using White Rose Hub to explore a range of concrete, pictorial and abstract concepts within our learning.

In addition to this, the children will continue to take part in weekly Number and Lightning learning to develop our speed and accuracy in arithmetic.

In order to support with this at home, please use the following links:

Vocabulary: Place value, Million, hundred thousand, ten thousand, thousand, hundred, ten, one, add, subtract, difference, more than, less than, greater than, divide, share, multiply, array, product, factor

Science: Living things and their habitats

As part of our science topic, we will be exploring how living things are classified into groups based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals. We will also look at how we can independently plan and carry out an investigation that is linked to Living things and their habitats.

Vocabulary: microorganism, plant, animal, similarity, difference, classify, characteristic, habitat, subdivide, vertebrate, invertebrate 

Other Curriculum Areas

Computing – Computing systems and networks: Bletchley Park

Bletchley Park is considered the home of modern computing. We will discover the history of Bletchley and learn about code breaking and password hacking. We will also have the opportunity to demonstrate some of our digital literacy skills by creating presentations about historical figures.

Vocabulary: acrostic code, brute force hacking, caesar cipher, chip and pin system, cipher, date shift cipher, encrypt, invention, Nth letter cipher, password, pigpen cipher, secure, technological advancement, trial and error

RE – Who is Jewish and how do they live?

We will be learning about the religion of Judaism and how Jewish people live, including objects that you may find in their house and place of worship. We will explore different questions that children come up with during lessons. 

Vocabulary: Judaism, Jewish, Synagogue, Star of David, Torrah, Shawl, Kippah, Seder plate, Menorah, Hanukkah 

MFL - French - Actions

We will be exploring how to describe different actions in French.

Vocabulary: Laughing, Crying, Talking, Walking, Running, Dancing, Singing 

Music - Songs of WW2

We will be exploring songs of World War 2 to develop greater accuracy in pitch and control. We will be identifying pitches within an octave when singing and using knowledge of pitch to develop confidence when singing in parts.

Vocabulary: Morale, Britain, Troops, Frontline, Vera Lynn, Contrast, Musical terms, Tempo

PSHE - Families and relationships

Learning to resolve conflict, through negotiation and compromise. Exploring respect, understanding that everyone deserves to be respected. Learning about the process of grief and the associated emotions relating to grief.

Vocabulary: authority, grief, conflict, earn, expectation, grieving resolve, respect

History - The Indus Valley Civilization

In History we will be learning about the Indus Valley. We will look at their way of life, their religion, the jewellery and puzzles.

Vocabulary:  necklace      bangles     Mohenjo-Daro     merchants    market     reconstructed     reconstruction      Harappa    monument     seals     sources    evidence    trench     pottery    potsherds     threshed      threshing    barley     beckon    urban     citadel    fired    kiln     technology     sewage     Lothal     drain    wells    draw water     jewelry     ox    rhinoceros    unicorn    terracotta   ornaments    carnelian    barter    weights     transport    prow    trade route     governed     government    robe    figurines    fertility    Asia    Hindu    granary    

Geography - Settlements

In Geography we will be looking at settlements. As well as looking into different settlements and their features, we will focus in on Cardiff.

Vocabulary:  settlement     hamlet    farmstead    village    rural    inhabitants     church     village green    post office    small shop    primary school    pub    village hall     town    secondary school    railway station    urban    adapt    coastal town    market town    city     university    hospital    cathedral    airport     sprawling    urban sprawl     boroughs     Londoners    tube     underground    cycle lane     conurbation     flat    Cardiff     Capital   Taff    businesses  

PE - Hockey and Gymnastics

In hockey, we will be playing competitive games, working on tactics and analysing our performances.

Vocabulary: Dribble, pass, shoot, defend, attack, mark, evade, space, angle, lift, 

In gymnastics, we will be exploring balance and control whilst evaluating performances. 

Vocabulary: Balance, point of contact, control, apparatus, transition